Is India’s huge population actually her greatest strength? How has rapid urbanization transformed both social and political life? Can we learn from India’s difficult journey towards a single internal market? And how will India’s developing future be shaped by her young people? Giving us a fascinating new perspective for the twenty-first century, Nandan Nilekani – previously named one of the ’100 Most Influential People in the World’ by ”Time” and ’Business Leader of the Year’ by ”Forbes” – defies imported wisdom to reveal what is really at stake in a fast-changing India. Nilekani gets to the heart of debates about labour reform, language, education and the role of the state, and asks vital questions about the impending future of what is now the world’s largest democracy.